The wind belt in India spans through Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan. The biggest wind power plant in the country is located in Muppandal, Tamil Nadu, with a capacity of 1500 MW. There is one off shore wind power plant (100MW) near the coast of Gujarat. National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE) estimates the potential of wind energy in India to be 302 GW. The MNRE (Ministry of New and Renewable Energy) has set a target of 60 GW of wind power to be achieved by 2022.
India is one of the highest emitters of pollutants in the world. At the same time, it established the world’s first ministry of non-conventional energy resources. The major chunk of electricity in India, about 60 percent, is coal-generated. 42 GW of renewable energy is currently produced and consists of 13 percent of the mix. Out of this, wind has the largest share (63 percent and 26 GW).
Top 5 Wind Power Plants In India:
- Muppandal Windfarm, Tamil Nadu – 1,500 MW
- Jaisalmer Wind Park, Rajasthan – 1,275 MW
- Brahmanvel windfarm, Maharashtra – 528 MW
- Dhalgaon windfarm, Maharashtra – 278 MW
- Chakala windfarm, Maharashtra – 217 MW