If you are apprehensive about making compost at home, worry not, it is extremely easy even if you have no idea about gardening. I did not and do not still have much idea about plants and gardening, and I could do it. Composting at home is one of the best ways to reduce waste and pollution.
Things You Need
1. Vegetable waste from your kitchen
2. A pot or bin (preferably with holes)
3. Dried leaves or garden waste
5. Saw dust or waste paper
How To Do It?
1. The idea is to let the organic waste sit in a moist, aerated warm place and let it decompose with the help of bacteria.
2. Select an earthen pot or any container with holes on the side. Earthen pots are porous, hence allow transfer of air through them. Do not make too many holes as this can lead to excess removal of moisture. Moisture is essential for the compost to decay.
3. Now, put a bit of soil at the bottom of the pot and add a layer of vegetable waste on it. Then add a layer of dried leaves or grass. If you do not have saw dust, you can add waste paper. It contains the same cellulose. Tear newspaper or other waste paper into tiny pieces. Repeat the layers and do not press or stuff any layer so that air can pass through it. Cover the pot with something, leaving a small gap for air to flow through.
4. Place the pot in such a place where it receives sunlight and where the odor can escape. Sunlight is optional, you can place it in the shade too but sunlight helps in composting faster.
5. I have inserted two small pipes into the mixture in the hope that it might help in aeration.
6. I have also put a used cardboard (packaging material received from Amazon) as cover, slightly tilted to let the rainwater falling on it slide off easily. The place where I have put the pot receives light spatter of rain when it is windy. The cardboard would prevent water from directly entering the pot but would let drops of water to pass through when it is soaked. I am hoping this would eliminate the requirement of adding water to it.
7. You need to stir it once every two to three days and keep it moist. Your compost will be ready in a month or two or more depending on weather, soil, micro-organisms and the organic matter. You will know when it’s ready. It will look like an earthy crumbled powder.
Do share your experience of composting with us.