Now that you already know about the different types of waste, why you need to segregate and how it helps, the first step you may want to take is to sort it out at home.
Unlike what most of us usually feel, it isn’t that difficult really. The two main types of waste you will have at home on a daily basis will be the dry and wet waste. In addition, on some days, you will also have some hazardous and biomedical waste, as well as e-waste. So one of the first things you can start doing is to keep your dry and wet waste separate. Wondering how to do it? It’s easy, and all you’ll need are two separate bins – that’s about it.
So let’s get started.
1. The first thing you can do before sorting the waste is to get separate bins for your dry and wet waste. A green colored bin could hold all your wet (degradable) waste, while a red one could hold all your dry (non-degradable) waste. Helps to remember easily, doesn’t it?
2. As you start collecting dry waste, try to remove traces of all the ‘wet’ ingredients so that you can store it properly. You can wash all the plastic or glass waste, such as milk pouches, cartons, bread packs and bottles and free them of any leftover ingredients. Dry it in open air and throw in the bin to avoid any foul odor. When you do that, you’ll be able to store the waste for about a week before giving it out to the local garbage collection system. If you have cardboard boxes from leftover food, you can throw the food in the wet waste bin and wipe the box with a wet rag or tissue and let it dry, before throwing in the dry waste bin.
3. For wet waste, you can either try to compost it at home, or check if there is a collective compost area in your residential complex. In case that is not an option, you can line the bin with sandpaper or newspaper (to avoid using plastic bin bags) and throw your wet waste in it, which you will then have to hand out to your local garbage collector on a daily basis. You can also throw all your garden waste in this bin. Just clean the bin each day to avoid any odor.
4. To dispose any biomedical or hazardous waste (sanitary pads, condoms, bandages, old razors, expired cosmetics or medicines, basically anything soiled with human waste), wrap it separately in paper, mark a red cross on it and store separately. Hand them over to your garbage collector on a daily basis.
5. E-waste is another type of waste which is not a daily waste and mainly includes waste such as old or damaged parts of your computer, wires, batteries, bulbs, remotes, watches, cellphones and all. You can store these in a separate bin, away from moisture, and hand it to your garbage collector once you have collected enough waste.
Once you begin, you’ll find it easier to sort out the waste at home, and even kids will be able to remember the use of the color coded bins. Why not try it out for a week and see if it works? And if it does, congrats! You for sure are on your way to help save the planet, in your very own big way!
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